Vessels Safety

The suggestion that any refrigerant-containing component is a vessel is too broad a definition, because ANSI/ASHRAE Standard 15–94 excludes tube-type condensers and evaporators from the…

Safety Of Refrigerants

Some factors on which the safety of refrigerants are judged include toxicity, carcinogenicity, mutagenicity, and flammability. Recommendations as to where various refrigerants should and should…

Azeotropic Mixtures

An azeotropic mixture, in contrast to the zeotropic mixture, has a temperature-pressure-concentration diagram where the saturated vapor and saturated liquid lines coincide at a range…